Does your fluid warmer leach aluminum?
Studies have shown many blood and fluid warmers leach unsafe levels of aluminum into infusates, which has led to the US FDA and global regulatory bodies issuing safety notices and recalls of affected warmers.
Level 1® Fast Flow Fluid Warmer
What are the potential adverse clinical effects and symptoms of high levels of aluminum exposure?5
- Bone, muscle pain and muscle weakness
- Blood and metabolic derangements (such as increased levels of calcium or interference with iron absorption leading to anemia)
- Neurological effects (such as altered consciousness, seizures, and coma)
What are the potential long-term effects of aluminum exposure?6
- Alzheimer’s disease and dementia
- Congenital heart defects, inflammation and dysfunction of the myocardium and cardiovascular thrombosis
- Pulmonary lesions and pulmonary edema
- Crohn’s disease and inflammatory bowel disease
- Male/female infertility, pregnancy failures, and poor fetal growth and fetal death
- Slow growth and development in children
- Osteoporosis, osteomalacia, rickets, exostosis osteodystrophy and osteitis fibrosa
Which patient populations are most at risk for aluminum toxicity?
- Patients with poor renal function, neonates, infants, pregnant mothers, and the elderly are the most at risk to experience adverse events from aluminum exposure. The FDA recommends avoiding use of and seeking alternatives to fluid warmers containing aluminum when treating patients within these groups.5
Are there still risks with parylene-coated aluminum?
- Parylene-coated aluminum decreases the amount of leaching but still leaches quantities of aluminum above the FDA recommended threshold of 25µg/L.7 This could pose a larger risk to patients especially if the infusate contains the maximum recommended aluminum quantity.
Why worry when you don’t have to?
The Belmont® Rapid Infuser RI-2
The Belmont® Rapid Infuser RI-2 disposables are 100% aluminum-free. Designed to provide increased safety, with automatic air detection and removal, and line pressure regulation, you can fully focus on providing the best care to your patients without the added concern of aluminum toxicity. Don’t just trust The Belmont® for saving a life today, but also tomorrow.
- Precise control of fluid delivery from 2.5 to 1000 mL/min*
- Automatic priming and effortless re-priming
- Automatic line pressure monitoring
- Dry, inductive-fluid warming technology
- Exceptional air detection and removal
|US FDA Class I Recalls Due to Potential Aluminum Exposure|
|Level 1® Fast Flow Fluid Warmer – Class I Recall||6-Aug-2021|
|ThermaCor® 1200 – Class I Recall||18-Feb-2021|
|enFlow™ – Class I Recall||13-Mar-2019|
|US FDA Letter to Health Care Providers|
|Potential Risk of Aluminum Leaching with Use of Certain Fluid Warmer Devices||15-Sep-2021|
|Global Recall, Urgent Safety, Temporary Use Discontinuation & Distribution Hold Notices for the Smiths Level 1® Fast Flow Warmer|
|Updated Safety Notices: Temporary CE Mark Suspension for the Smiths Level 1® Fast Flow Warmer|
|United Kingdom||1-Feb-2022||The Netherlands||2-Feb-2022|
- Cabrera, J.A., Borton, L.K. and Barrett, G. (2020), Quantified aluminium levels released into blood and fluids using the Level 1 Fast Flow Fluid Warmer. Anaesthesia, 75: 271-272. https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.14881
- Perl, T., Kunze-Szikszay, N., Bräuer, A. et al. Aluminium release and fluid warming: provocational setting and devices at risk. BMC Anesthesiol 21, 163 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12871-021-01378-7 - https://bmcanesthesiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12871-021-01378-7
- Perl, T., Kunze-Szikszay, N., Bräuer, A., Quintel, M., Röhrig, A.L., Kerpen, K. and Telgheder, U. (2019), Aluminium release by coated and uncoated fluid-warming devices. Anaesthesia, 74: 708-713. https://doi.org/10.1111/anae.14601 https://associationofanaesthetists-publications.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/anae.14601
- Pike H. enFlow fluid warming device: warning over risk of aluminum toxicity BMJ 2019; 364 :l1126 doi:10.1136/bmj.l1126 - https://www.bmj.com/content/364/bmj.l1126
- Center for Devices and Radiological Health. “Potential Risk of Aluminum Leaching with Use of Certain Fluid Warmer Devices - Letter to Health Care Providers.” U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA, 15 Sept. 2021, www.fda.gov/medical-devices/letters-health-care-providers/potential-risk-aluminum-leaching-use-certain-fluid-warmer-devices-letter-health-care-providers
- Igbokwe IO, Igwenagu E, Igbokwe NA. Aluminium toxicosis: a review of toxic actions and effects. Interdiscip Toxicol. 2019;12(2):45-70. doi:10.2478/intox-2019-0007 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7071840/
- Waldmann, A. D., Rose, E. A., & Pedro, M. J. (2021). Fluid warming with parylene-coated enFlow cartridge: Bench and pilot animal study of aluminum extraction due to prolonged use. SAGE Open Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1177/20503121211026849